A wave of nationwide protests erupted October 17, 2019, against a ruling class accused of steering Lebanon towards its worst economic crisis since the 1975-1990 armed conflict. The Lawyers’ Committee to Defend Protesters in Lebanon estimates that security forces have arrested as many as 100 people across the country, including five children (under the age of 18) since early 2020. The Lebanese Red Cross reported that 47 people were injured on Wednesday, January 15, 2019, 37 of whom were taken to nearby hospitals. The recent escalation took place as protesters called for a “week of rage” in reaction to the spiraling economic crisis and what they characterize as the authorities’ failure to take any meaningful measures to address this crisis.

Mass protests swept across Lebanon in late 2019 and early 2020 shortly after the government announced new tax measures on October 17, 2019. Tens of thousands of peaceful protesters from different religious and class sectors of society assembled in cities across the country accusing the political leadership of corruption and calling for social and economic reforms.

Underlying frustration with the government and the political elite had been accumulating for years. Public anger has escalated in recent years over electricity and water shortages, as well as the government’s failure to manage the country’s waste and economic crises.

While protesters remain overwhelmingly peaceful, Amnesty International documented a range of human rights violations by the Lebanese authorities across different cities where protests have been taking place.


  • Failure to protect peaceful protesters who come under attack from supporters of Amal and Hizbullah, or who are mistreated at the hands of security services, is a human rights violation.
  • Excessive use of force by the Lebanese army and security forces, including the use of live ammunition against protesters along with the use of tear gas and rubber bullets, has caused hundreds of injuries and one death. This response, sanctioned by the government, must end.
  • Violations during arrest and unlawful detention of peaceful protestors in different areas of Lebanon must end immediately.


The U.S. government must pressure the Lebanese government to end torture, end unlawful detention, and respect the human rights of individuals, including by:

  • Ensuring that the army and security forces end the use of unnecessary or excessive force against peaceful protesters and protect peaceful protesters from intimidation or violent attacks from other groups, and
  • Ensuring that the judiciary orders an independent and impartial investigation into unlawful use of force.
  • Supporting UN-led investigations into the Beirut port blast in August 2020 that left swaths of the Lebanese capital uninhabitable and worsened the humanitarian crisis in the country, and the killing of Lebanese intellectual and activist Lokman Slim in February 2021.


  • Amnesty International, 17 January 2020, “The Lebanon Protests Explained” (available here)


Philippe Nassif

Advocacy Director, Middle East and North Africa

(202) 768-5547

[email protected]